LAST DITCH RESISTANCE OF GERMANS IN WWII

July 16, 2009 0 Comments

Wehrwolf

Facing defeat in 1944, German SS and military started to issue plans for an underground warfare after allied advance, especially in Eastern Europe. The SS managed to build up small groups of foreign SS members or locals, especially in Latvia. Inside the Reich, plans for an underground army ""Wehrwolf"" [1] (werewolves) under SS leadership were set up. Despite some spectacular actions under Allied occupation, only some small groups continued the fight, an overall organization never came into being.

In the East a group of Wehrwolf, about 200 strong carried on fighting until the autumn of 1945.

German soldiers fighting past May 7 1945.

Most center on one or two German weather stations left in Greenland or one of the other Northern Atlantic Islands. Other than that, The German garrison in Crete did not surrender until May 13th or 14th, and a company of Germans was forgotten on an island in the English Channel. Three weeks after the war had ended they caught the attention of a fishing boat and were taken to either England or France, where they surrendered.

Individual German soldiers fighting with the Ukrainian and Baltic guerillas could also be mentioned as well as the Czech allegations that German guerillas continued fighting in the Sudetenland until 1946 or 47 (What a good excuse to expel two million plus ethnic Germans).

Finally, you could also opt to take the former German soldiers who evaded capture and sought to cross the Soviet Zone of occupation to get to the West as resisters, though their aim was not resistance. A book about former Danish members of the Waffen-SS told in a short paragraph about how they avoided capture for months, not reaching the West until July or August.

 

[1] Werewolf and/or Werwolf

According to Ian Kershaw "Hitler 1936-1945 Nemesis" it was Martin Borman who took steps to build quasi-guerrilla organisations like "Freikorps Adolf Hitler who would be manned from the Nazi party and "Werwolf", mainly build by HJ members.

Goebbels also paid attention to this, he arranged to use a powerful radio transmitter to the occupied areas in April 1945, this is from "Goebbels -Diaries 1945.

Robin Cross, "Fallen Eagle - the last days of the Third Reich", called it "Werewolf" and mention it as a last ditch defense system, manned by die-hard Nazis. He believes its most propaganda, produced by Goebbels: "who had established a special unit to produce a stream of stories about this mythical defence system, complete with impregnable strongpoints, underground supply dumps and factories sunk into mountainsides, all defended by 100,000 fanatical troops." The American press picked up the story and the myth growing.

The other "werewolf" organisation, was established by Himmler in autumn 1944, training some 5000 members by the end of the war. They killed Franz Oppenhof, whom the allied had appointed Chief Bürgermeister of Aachen, and also made some small-scale sniping and sabotage.

The last Chief of staff in the west, General Siegfried Westphal, captured in March 1945, referred to the Werewolfs as a "rabble of Boy Scouts".

In September 1944, the Nazi leadership wanted to fight after defeat. The name Werwolf was inspired by a novel by Herman Löns. SS Obergruppenfürer Hans Prützmann was appointed Generalinspecteur für Spezialabwehr, trying to establish an organisation inspired by his studies of Soviet partisans.

Otto Skorzeny, made his own variant, SS Jagdverbände, and last Gestapo and SD make something called Bundschuh, who was never activated.

Mostly the Werwolf threatened to kill, and sometimes did, anybody whom collaborated with the enemy, mostly Hitler Jugend chalking slogans at walls. Both Prützmann and Skorzeny lost faith, but Goebbels "werwolfsender" kept on.

The Soviets, SMERSH and NKVD arrested thousands of Germans suspected to be Werwolf-members and in those days the Germans could be shot for a lot less.

 

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